Different journals have different prestige, popularity, impact and impact factor. Conclusions Often the conclusions form a separate section, but they may be part of the discussion. If the comments are negative, cool off. Remember that nearly all journals print in monochrome.
Once you have refined the order of your argument, the difficult sections of the paper introduction, results and discussion become easier to write. If you do this, again, make sure that the new version will be understood.
Schematic diagrams are usually more informative than photographs: You ought to be capable of answering the first one to yourself.
Again, outline your arguments in point form before you start writing text. Then the publishers, or at least a couple of large multinational ones, bankrupt our libraries by charging exorbitant subscription fees.
Although the abstract appears at the beginning, you should write the abstract last. But there is the advantage that now you can read your paper again, with a fresh view.
If you have a conclusions section, keep it to conclusions. Consider using diagrams for arguments, especially complicated arguments.
My advice is not to be too generous. Yes, they read it quickly, but they are experts in the field. This last is defined in a number of different ways, including this one: Then I try assembling them in different orders, to find which is the most logical. Spend some time plotting your results — perhaps in several different ways.
One question that the reviewers are likely to be asked is how well your paper fits. A well-made schematic diagram is usually more helpful than a photograph of the apparatus. Once you have a set of figures, even in draft form, assemble them and use them as evidence as you tell a story to a real or imagined interlocuter.
Surprisingly often, the delay includes a substantial component from the authors: Reviews and reviewers My second paper and my first as a sole author came back with a few dozen suggestions for changes.
Even sending the ms back to you, unread, with a covering note saying "Read the Instructions to authors" takes time. Further, a really well planned presentation in a figure may make the difference between a reader understanding it or not.
For all your work, look at everything carefully. By the way, you may think that the editor is a person whose job it is to edit. Be aware that sending it to the wrong journal may slow your publication by months.
However, you should read the reasons given for rejection and consider very seriously the possibility that the editor and reviewers either are right, or else have misunderstood your work.
Especially, argue against your own hypothesis or interpretation because somebody else may do so, and you should be prepared. Some sites with related material. So you can obtain an estimate of how long it will take — which is usually disappointing news to new authors.
It also leads to fewer awkward sentences. However, in some cases a well made photograph is useful.
A scientific paper typically represents an amount of work on the order of a person-year: From my perspective as an editor, the system of peer review seems to work very well. It is possible to try another journal, where you may or may not get the same reviewers.
Some people use impact factor to obtain a simple quantitative estimate of importance.
The figures need not be in final form, indeed a sketch will be enough. Does the design of the investigation need improvement? Figures with symbols differentiated by colour rather than shape, data without error bars, inefficient use of space and especially figures made using Excel:Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VII: tables and figures.
Kotz D, Cals JW. PMID: [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] MeSH Terms. Biomedical Research; Humans; Publishing* Research Report/standards* Statistics as Topic; Writing*. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers series Kotz D, Cals JW, Tugwell P, Knottnerus JA.
Introducing a new series on effective writing and publishing of scientific papers. Effective Writing and Publishing Scientific Papers Recommended articles published in in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.
Overview of the Series on Writing and Publishing. 1. J Clin Epidemiol. Nov;66(11) doi: /ultimedescente.compi Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VIII: references.
Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part III: introduction The purpose of the introduction is to give the reader the essential information to understand why you did the study and to state the research question.
Simply providing a paper of high scientific quality may not be good enough for them. Other journals have a predilection for papers of a certain type (eg, basic science, clinical trials, case reports) or for work in a certain subfield (eg, cognitive, demyelinating disease, neuromuscular).Download