An introduction to the war of nerves soldiers and psychiatrists

From the end ofthough, when the German army came unstuck before Moscow, the situation changed. Meanwhile, thousands of those who had fought at the front seemed able to resist the horrible psychological impacts of mechanized warfare.

Interest in the history of military psychiatry has intensified during the past two decades. This, however, was still an entirely different burden than that of the soldiers, who were directly confronted by the new dimension of violence and its consequences. Like no other war, World War I produced vast numbers of mentally distressed soldiers, thus eliciting a massive response on the part of the military and psychiatrists.

He identified the letters of Max and Marianne Weber as a particularly rich source. In the early s the SPD saw war neurosis as a universal experience that was shared by all German citizens and so could unite the post-war Volksstaat.


The association was oriented towards the ideals of the imperial period, but became increasingly radicalised from In fact, the medical community debates the extent to which soldiers are affected and even the existence of those psychiatric syndromes.

Thus, psychiatric diagnoses such as "hysteria" or "psychopathic personality," while they might stigmatize soldiers, could also save their lives. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 99 Septemberpp. He need not know much medicine — a smattering of neurology would be useful.

In the theaters of war in North Africa, Italy, and France, British psychiatrists tended to recognize several fatigue symptoms, seeing "combat exhaustion" as being the result of great physical exertion and lack of sleep.

Daniela Gasteiger Munich also focussed on concepts of the political right. Psychological damage could even be interpreted as proof of bad genetic material Erbgutwhich could bring the men in deadly danger of forced sterilisation or euthanasia.

It was withdrawn from the line, but returned 1 week later, now numbering out of its original compliment of While acknowledging that men could suffer mental collapse as a result of the strains of war it also insisted upon the importance of predisposition; while recognising that shell-shocked men should be properly treated, contributors concluded that treatment should be based on military experience and common sense rather than medical knowledge, as the following comments attest: Psychiatrists with first-hand knowledge of the battlefield were more likely to appreciate this point.

A pathological will, based on nervous exhaustion, driven by misguided ideas, or paralyzed by shock experience should be converted into a healthy one again. On the other hand, a group led by Nonne advocated a psychological position.A War of Nerves is a history of military psychiatry in the twentieth century-an authoritative, accessible account drawing on a vast range of diaries, interviews, medical papers, and official records, from doctors as well as ordinary soldiers.5/5(2).

A War of Nerves is a splendid book. It is a sympathetic but entirely unsentimental look at military psychiatrists and their patients. It is a sympathetic but entirely unsentimental look at military psychiatrists and their patients.

A War of Nerves: Soldiers and Psychiatrists in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge, Mass., Cambridge, Mass., Offers a wide-ranging survey of psychiatric responses to war trauma in the twentieth century, also a good starting point for a historical account of war neuroses in World War II.

War of Nerves: Soldiers and Psychiatrists in the Twentieth Century / Edition 1 "Ben Shephard's study of how war wounds men's minds, and of medicine's efforts to heal the damage done, is based on years of dedicated $ History of War Neuroses/War Trauma I Contributions of Psychoanalysis to War Trauma.

[email protected] Course Objectives: 1.

Leading the blind

To introduce students to the contributions of psychoanalysis to war trauma, emphasizing the seminal works of Freud, Jones, Fairbairn, and Kardiner. A war of nerves: Soldiers and psychiatrists in the. During the First World War soldiers from all combatant nations suffered from a wide range of debilitating nervous complaints as a result of the stresses and strains of modern warfare.

War psychiatrists struggled to manage these complaints and shell-shocked men struggled to ensure that they had decent treatment and proper pensions. In each.

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An introduction to the war of nerves soldiers and psychiatrists
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