One striking thing about British North America in the s was: The presence of the frontier and the availability of land in the colonies: The South was a triracial society of whites, African slaves, and Indians with an economy based on plantation labor.
The Great Awakening inspired two groups—the Old Lights, who represented the old guard and the wealthy elite, and the New Lights, who represented revivalism and the poorer classes. By early in the s: The intellectual movement that led to a significant transformation in British North America was: Though royal governors controlled the colonies, elected assemblies were the ones who decided on taxation and spending, with the white landowners as the voters.
The Spanish Borderlands, which served as a buffer zone for sophisticated New Spain Mexicoisolated from the prosperous inland colonies, grew slowly, and often became centers to convert natives to Catholicism for a monarchy that was reluctant to deplete its fields in Spain proper.
New England colonies exhibited a highly repressive and ethnically homogenous Puritan ideology based on a close integration of church and state, though this was slowly chipped away at after the English Civil War and the Toleration Act. The Backcountry represented the frontier and the settlers hostile to natives in it.
The development of Pennsylvania was strongly influenced by the: Lawrence to New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi, with a strong Catholic character mixed with heavy native intermingling. The middle-class often came to join the colonial elite as rising profits increased their social status—often at the expense of the poor becoming poorer.
The Old Lights supported the religious rationalism of the Enlightenment while the New Lights condemned it a heresy and lobbied for a return to Calvinism. Many Congregationalists Calvinists began to question the theology of predestination that God had predetermined who exactly would be saved in the Second Coming and began to turn to Arminianism, which taught that people could be saved by having faith and doing good works, in line with humanist Enlightenment ideas.
The Chesapeake settlements and the colonies of the Lower South were: The Puritan Church, which had become an official religion, established the Half-Way Covenant to receive members who had not formally converted, and struggled with lessening piety when councils of ministers became the main governing body instead of congregations.
At about the same time as the Enlightenment, religious devotion began to drop off, with about maybe only one in fifteen adults a member of a congregation. Women were generally denied careers or opportunities outside of the household.
Women had some social rights, though not many. John Locke, a political theorist, would propose that people had unalienable rights to life, liberty, and property and that the state existed to protect such rights. The Anglican minister who helped spread the Great Awakening throughout the English colonies was: This elite viewed democracy negatively, inferring mob rule.
Roger Williams For his trouble, Roger Williams was excommunicated by the Puritan congregations and went on to form the colony of Rhode Island.
Some credence should be given to answer D, however; religion provided an out for the poor, who saw religion as a way to sidestep pressing social problems and giving the rich a reprieve. Individual communities, however, had their own little quirks. British Prime Minister Robert Wadpole encouraged decentralized government and salutary neglect in the economy.
America was experience an apparent decline in religious devotion. All of Western Europe, and parts of the rest of Europe, was in on colonization. This created a self-perpetuating elite of white landowners who would vote in other white landowners.
Frontier planters in the Middle Colonies and the Backcountry pushed to grab more land from the Indians, provoking them and attracting the ire of the expansionist French. Society of Friends Though the Quakers quickly became a minority in Pennsylvania, due to its large immigrant populations attracted by the low prices for land, they continued to exert a strong influence, establishing a loose government and preventing religious persecution.
Ethnically diverse because of the presence of Africans, Europeans, and Indians. The ethnically diverse Middle colonies had many cultures, but they remained distinct from one another, forming a salad bowl rather than a melting pot, with a large amount of free settlement and social mobility for the landowning white settlers.
The new supporters of the New Lights would engage in heavy debate against the entrenched Old Lights. One of the first Americans to advocate religious toleration was: Indian America, though battered by epidemics brought on by European diseases, continued to assert their independence, though many tribes in close contact with the Europeans adopted European goods and became reliant on them.Colony Morphology: Describing Bacterial Colonies Frequently during the semester you will need to describe bacterial (or fungal) growth observed on slants or Petri plates.
It will be useful to learn the terminology used for describing common colony types. Template:United States history (sidebar) The Thirteen Colonies were part of what became known as British America, a name that was used by Great Britain until the Treaty of Paris recognized the independence of the original thirteen United States of America in These British colonies in North.
Start studying Our Nation, Chapter 5: The Settlement of North America and 1 other. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A Personal Preference for the Hypothetical Choice of the North American Colony in Which to Live ( words, 2 pages) If I was to choose an area in North America to live as a colonist, I would choose New England.
A Personal Mission to Alert Society on Dangerous Foods. words. 2 pages.
A Personal Reflection on an English Class. words.
4 pages. The Effective Teaching Style of Erica Goddard. 1, words. 5 pages. Why I Fit in the Saint Rose College. words. 1 page. Is It Possible to Be Both a Follower and a Leader.
School choice, gender and household characteristics: Evidence from a household survey in a poor area of Monrovia, Liberia Liberia was founded as a colony by the American Colonization Society (ACS) for former slaves, who were now free, and able to be repatriated to Africa.
to investigate how school choice is framed by parental preference.Download